content ethnic girl and mother collecting eggplants on farmland
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Garden Egg and African Egg Plant

Garden eggs are a very good source of dietary fiber, potassium, manganese, copper, and thiamin (vitamin B1). Being a member of the vegetable family, it contains nutrients that include beta-carotene, vitamins B6 E and folate, calcium, iron, magnesium fiber, and many essential vitamins and minerals. They come in two shades, the cream, and green colour.

If you have ever wondered what the consumption of garden eggs does for your body. The garden egg, also known as eggplant is a very good source of dietary fiber, potassium, manganese, copper and thiamin (vitamin B1).

It is a good source of vitamin B6, folate, magnesium and niacin. Eggplant also contains phytonutrients such as nasunin and chlorogenic acid. Garden Eggs are one of the healthiest food you can eat.

Being a member of the vegetable family, it contains nutrients that include better carotene, vitamins B6 E and foliate, calcium, iron, magnesium fiber and many essential vitamins and minerals. They come in two shades, the cream and green colour.

Garden egg farming is one of the most profitable agricultural-based businesses you can venture into to ensure maximum revenue.
Unlike some years back when mostly subsistence farmers grew garden egg for their family consumption, the present farmers have started cultivating garden eggs in large quantities for sales.

Garden eggs are consumed in almost every Nigerian region and even beyond. The green variety is widely loved in many parts of the world because of its so many amazing health benefits.
Garden eggs aid digestion, promote healthy bones and weight loss and also helps in the prevention of ailments like anaemia, diabetes and heart diseases.

Before we proceed, in this article, you will get information regarding the following:

• Profitability
• Guidelines
• Garden egg seeds
• Species of garden eggs
• Cultural practices of garden egg

How Profitable Is Garden Egg Farming Business In Nigeria and Ghana ?

Garden egg farming business is very profitable, in fact you can get as high as 50% ROI. This is possible because of the high demand for the eggplant in Nigeria and Ghana
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Garden egg farming is one of the most profitable agricultural-based businesses you can venture into to ensure maximum revenue.
Unlike some years back when mostly subsistence farmers grew garden egg for their family consumption, the present farmers have started cultivating garden eggs in large quantities for sales.

Garden eggs are consumed in almost every Nigerian region and even beyond. The green variety is widely loved in many parts of the world because of its health benefits.


Garden eggs aid digestion, promote healthy bones and weight loss and also helps in the prevention of ailments like anaemia, diabetes and heart diseases.

Before we proceed, in this article, you will get information regarding the following:

• Profitability
• Guidelines
• Garden egg seeds
• Species of garden eggs
• Cultural practices of garden egg

How Profitable Is Garden Egg Farming Business In Nigeria

Garden egg farming business is very profitable, in fact you can get as high as 50% ROI. This is possible because of the high demand for the eggplant in Nigeria.
Unlike some vegetables, garden eggs are consumed by all the ethnic groups in Nigeria. In Igbo land, it’s even used as a form of kola with the peanut butter (ose oji).
Venturing into garden egg farming as a farmer will be a nice decision as the crop has a very short maturity period.

Guidelines To Starting Your Garden Egg Farming Business In Nigeria

Below are some things that you need to take note of before venturing into garden egg production business in Nigeria to avoid making mistakes.

• Business plan

Like I earlier said, gone are the days when garden egg cultivation was only limited to subsistence farming, nowadays, it’s gone commercial.
One of the first things you need to have to excel in garden egg farming business is a business plan. Your business plan will serve as a roadmap that will aid your in achieving your goals.

A business plan is also necessary if you intend collecting loans from the government or any other financial institution in the later run.

• Site selection/preparation

The next step after the business plan is the site selection and preparation stage. The best type of soil for garden egg cultivation is the sandy loam soil.
After selecting the land, you’d proceed to the clearing stage which involves removing all tree stumps and debris.

You can use a tractor for commercial garden egg production but ensure that you don’t till the ground lower than 20 cm to avoid displacing the top soil.

• Start planting

At this stage, the soil should be ready for planting. Try as much as possible to select good species of garden eggs as it’ll greatly impact your harvest. You can either decide to plant the seeds directly or you can nurture them in a nursery.

It is advisable to plant the seeds during the morning period. Two garden egg seeds should be planted in a hole or you can also spread them on the farmland and thin later on.
In the case of nursery, you can still plant two garden eggs in a hole on the nursery tray. The seedlings should have developed 2-3 seed leaves before you transplant  from the nursery to the farm site.
On the farmland, you should make use of 90cm by 90cm spacing between the ridge beds.

• Fertiliser application

Fertiliser will help in supplying the basic nutrients that are required for the growth and development of the garden egg. Please ensure that you only use quality fertilisers on the farmland. You can apply 400g of potassium nitrate on one hectare of land.

• Mulching/weeding

Ensure that you take care while weeding the farmland to avoid damages, especially if you’re using herbicides. You need to carry out proper weeding of the garden egg farm in order to allow good and proper development of the garden eggs.
Mulching helps in the conservation of soil moisture, improving fertility and health of the soil, reducing weed growth and enhancing the visual appeal of the area.

• Pests and diseases

The most common diseases that attack the garden eggs are the bacteria wilt and fruit rot. There are also many types of fungus diseases caused by water and wind.
Phytophthora also have some effects on the crops but can be controlled by removal of the affected plants.
Different examples of garden eggs pests include caterpillars, bugs, spider mutes, flea beetle and fruits borer. They can be removed with the aid of insecticides.

• Harvesting

Flowering in the garden eggs starts withing 6-8 weeks after transplanting. Depending on the specie of the garden egg, you can harvest after about 2-3 months.
Harvesting can be done in the morning, once they have reached marketable size. Also, avoid pulling the garden eggs with your hands while harvesting as it can damage the stems. In addition to this, be careful not to damage the garden eggs by abrasion, compression or puncturing.

How To Market Your Garden Eggs In Nigeria

Since it is consumed by all the Nigerian ethnic groups, you might not have to spend much in transporting it. You can sell it in wholesale to the traders in the local markets close to you.

What do you think? If this article helped you, don’t forget to share it with your friends.

vegetables, garden eggs are consumed by all the ethnic groups in Nigeria. In Igbo land, it’s even used as a form of kola with the peanut butter (ose oji).
Venturing into garden egg farming as a farmer will be a nice decision as the crop has a very short maturity period.

Guidelines To Starting Your Garden Egg Farming Business In Nigeria Ghana

Below are some things that you need to take note of before venturing into garden egg production business in Nigeria to avoid making mistakes.

• Business plan for Garden Eggplant farming business venture

Like I earlier said, gone are the days when garden egg cultivation was only limited to subsistence farming, nowadays, it’s gone commercial.
One of the first things you need to have to excel in garden egg farming business is a business plan. Your business plan will serve as a roadmap that will aid your in achieving your goals.

A business plan is also necessary if you intend collecting loans from the government or any other financial institution in the later run.

• Site Selection/preparation for Garden Eggplant Farming

The next step after the business plan is the site selection and preparation stage. The best type of soil for garden egg cultivation is the sandy loam soil.
After selecting the land, you’d proceed to the clearing stage which involves removing all tree stumps and debris.

You can use a tractor for commercial garden egg production but ensure that you don’t till the ground lower than 20 cm to avoid displacing the top soil.

• Garden Eggplant Planting and Spacing

At this stage, the soil should be ready for planting. Try as much as possible to select good species of garden eggs as it’ll greatly impact your harvest. You can either decide to plant the seeds directly or you can nurture them in a nursery.

It is advisable to plant the seeds during the morning period. Two garden egg seeds should be planted in a hole or you can also spread them on the farmland and thin later on.
In the case of nursery, you can still plant two garden eggs in a hole on the nursery tray. The seedlings should have developed 2-3 seed leaves before you transplant  from the nursery to the farm site.
On the farmland, you should make use of 90cm by 90cm spacing between the ridge beds.

• Fertiliser Application for Garden Egg plants Farming

Fertiliser will help in supplying the basic nutrients that are required for the growth and development of the garden egg. Please ensure that you only use quality fertilisers on the farmland. You can apply 400g of potassium nitrate on one hectare of land.

• Mulching/Weeding on Garden Eggplant farming

Ensure that you take care while weeding the farmland to avoid damages, especially if you’re using herbicides. You need to carry out proper weeding of the garden egg farm in order to allow good and proper development of the garden eggs.
Mulching helps in the conservation of soil moisture, improving fertility and health of the soil, reducing weed growth and enhancing the visual appeal of the area.

• Pests and Diseases of Garden Eggplant farming

The most common diseases that attack the garden eggs are the bacteria wilt and fruit rot. There are also many types of fungus diseases caused by water and wind.
Phytophthora also have some effects on the crops but can be controlled by removal of the affected plants.
Different examples of garden eggs pests include caterpillars, bugs, spider mutes, flea beetle and fruits borer. They can be removed with the aid of insecticides.

• Harvesting of Garden Eggplant

Flowering in the garden eggs starts withing 6-8 weeks after transplanting. Depending on the specie of the garden egg, you can harvest after about 2-3 months.
Harvesting can be done in the morning, once they have reached marketable size. Also, avoid pulling the garden eggs with your hands while harvesting as it can damage the stems. In addition to this, be careful not to damage the garden eggs by abrasion, compression or puncturing.

How To Market Your Garden Eggs plant In Nigeria, Ghana

Since it is consumed by all the Nigerian ethnic groups, you might not have to spend much in transporting it. You can sell it in wholesale to the traders in the local markets close to you.

What do you think? If this article helped you, don’t forget to share it with your friends.

Also check out our next article on how to start fruit selling business in Nigeria.

Nutrient Content and its Values for Garden Egg plant

The Nutritional Data for Garden Eggs 100g of raw Garden Egg plant fruits

Calories – 27 kcal

Dietary fibre – 1.9g

Carbohydrates – 4g

Protein – 1.4g

Fat – 0.2g

Vitamins: A, B, C

Minerals: Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Potassium

Health Benefits of Garden Egg plant

Here some of the Health Benefits of Garden Egg

Aids weight loss: Nutritionists recommend it as a perfect food option for those interested in losing weight because of its high fiber content. It fills up the tummy quickly, and this subsequently reduces consumption of other high calories options. When it comes to weight loss, the green garden eggs works better.

Lowers Cholesterol: 
The fiber content in the eggplant also helps to lower cholesterol levels in the human body, protecting the heart in the process.L

Lowers blood sugar: 
It is a great dietary option for diabetic
patients because of its ability to reduce
glucose absorption in the body and lower
blood sugar levels. It also possesses low
soluble carbohydrates, which assist in this
regard. Garden egg aids digestion: 
It improves digestive system, beneficial for constipation and ruling out bloating totally.

Improves vision: 
The cream-colour flesh has a pleasantly
bitter taste (due to the presence of small
amounts of nicotinoid alkaloids) and spongy consistency for protection from poor vision due to glaucoma.

Great during pregnancy: We don’t have enough space to explain how useful it is for pregnant women. It is packed with vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients which make it an essential part of the daily ration of every pregnant woman. Given the fact that the baby is taking much of the useful nutrients for himself, women often suffer from the lack of individual components in their body. So, eating this plant can be an excellent solution to such situations.

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